Quality of western Canadian oats in 2023

This report presents harvest quality data and production statistics for western Canadian oats grown in 2023. Oat samples were submitted to the Canadian Grain Commission’s Harvest Sample Program by producers and grain companies. Quality data is compiled from the results of analytical tests performed in the Grain Research Laboratory and will be updated as more samples are received.

Harvest quality data

Table 1.1  Protein content and test weight for oat varieties received through Canadian Grain Commission’s Harvest Sample Program

Data as of September 22, 2023

Variety Grade Number of samples Protein content  Footnote 1, % db Test weight, kg/hL
Mean SD Mean SD
CS Camden No. 1 CW NSFootnote 2 NS NS NS NS
No. 2 CW 2 13.5 0.3 53.2 4.6
No. 3 CW 3 12.4 0.1 52.6 5.7
No. 4 CW 3 11.8 0.8 49.8 4.4
AAC Douglas No. 1 CW NS NS NS NS NS
No. 2 CW 2 13.3 0.7 54.5 5.0
No. 3 CW 1 13.1 NS 52.2 NS
No. 4 CW NS NS NS NS NS
Summit No. 1 CW 3 12.3 1.1 56.7 5.1
No. 2 CW 3 13.3 0.5 53.7 4.6
No. 3 CW NS NS NS NS NS
No. 4 CW 1 13.6 NS 50.2 NS
CDC Arborg No. 1 CW 1 13.9 NS 57.1 NS
No. 2 CW 1 11.8 NS 53.4 NS
No. 3 CW 2 12.7 1.5 52.1 5.6
No. 4 CW 2 12.1 0.9 50.2 4.6
CDC Endure No. 1 CW NS NS NS NS NS
No. 2 CW 2 11.7 1.1 54.5 5.9
No. 3 CW 2 12.1 2.3 53.8 7.4
No. 4 CW 2 11.2 1.1 54.2 5.4

Production statistics

Table 2.1  Area (million hectares) seeded with oats in Canada
Location 2023Footnote 1 2022 5-year averageFootnote 2
Manitoba 0.192 0.282 0.255
Saskatchewan 0.418 0.764 0.700
Alberta 0.283 0.382 0.356
British Columbia 0.033 0.035 0.031
Western Canada 0.926 1.463 1.342
Canada 1.023 1.593 1.468

Table 2.1 Notes

Table 2.1 Note 1

Source: Statistics Canada, estimated as of September 14, 2023

Return to table 2.1 note 1

Table 2.1 2

5-year average from 2018 to 2022

Return to table 2.1 note 2

Figure 2.1  Comparison of area (million hectares) seeded with oats in western Canada from 2015 to 2023
Figure 2.1 description to follow
Graph data
Area seeded with oats (million hectares)
Year Western Canada Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba
2015 1.190 0.293 0.668 0.198
2016 1.098 0.333 0.559 0.180
2017 1.190 0.279 0.672 0.210
2018 1.117 0.322 0.569 0.196
2019 1.331 0.364 0.727 0.213
2020 1.418 0.357 0.751 0.281
2021 1.382 0.358 0.691 0.301
2022 1.463 0.382 0.764 0.282
2023Footnote 1 0.926 0.283 0.418 0.192

Figure 2.1 Notes

Figure 2.1 Note 1

Source: Statistics Canada, estimated as of September 14, 2023

Return to figure 2.1 note 1

Table 2.2  Oat production (million tonnes) in Canada
Location 2023Footnote 1 2022 5-year averageFootnote 2
Manitoba 0.606 1.169 0.911
Saskatchewan 1.000 2.567 1.984
Alberta 0.525 1.055 0.788
British Columbia 0.071 0.067 0.068
Western Canada 2.203 4.857 3.750
Canada 2.435 5.226 4.073

Table 2.2 Notes

Table 2.2 Note 1

Source: Statistics Canada, estimated as of September 14, 2023

Return to table 2.2 note 1

Table 2.2 2

5-year average from 2013 to 2022

Return to table 2.2 note 2

Figure 2.2  Comparison oat production (million tonnes) in western Canada from 2015 to 2023
Figure 2.2 description to follow
Graph data
Production of oats (million tonnes)
Year Western Canada Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba
2015 2.974 0.393 1.928 0.595
2016 2.903 0.625 1.653 0.569
2017 3.469 0.609 1.989 0.821
2018 3.171 0.700 1.689 0.709
2019 3.901 0.835 2.215 0.794
2020 4.273 0.802 2.296 1.117
2021 2.549 0.547 1.153 0.767
2022 4.857 1.055 2.567 1.169
2023Footnote 1 2.203 0.525 1.00 0.606

Figure 2.2 Notes

Figure 2.2 Note 1

Source: Statistics Canada, estimated as of September 14, 2023

Return to figure 2.2 note 1

Figure 2.3  Distribution of oat classes as percentage (%) of area seeded with oats in western Canada from 2018 to 2023Footnote 3
Figure 2.3 description to follow
Graph data
% of area seeded with oats
Year Milling Feed and forage Hulless Not specified
2018 84.2 7.3 0.2 8.3
2019 84.3 7.7 0.1 8.0
2020 84.4 7.3 0.1 8.1
2021 86.4 7.6 0.0 6.0
2022 86.3 6.9 0.0 6.8
2023 81.6 10.6 0.0 7.8
Figure 2.4  Distribution of oat classes in each province as percentage (%) of area seeded with oats in western Canada in 2022 and 2023Footnote 3
Figure 2.4 description to follow
Figure 2.4 description to follow
Graph data
% of area seeded with oats in western Canada in 2022
Province Milling Feed and forage Hulless Not specified
Alberta 16.9 3.9 0.0 0.0
Saskatchewan 42.7 2.0 0.0 6.1
Manitoba 27.1 0.7 0.0 0.5
% of area seeded with oats in western Canada in 2023
Province Milling Feed and forage Hulless Not specified
Alberta 18.3 5.7 0.0 0.1
Saskatchewan 35.3 3.7 0.0 6.2
Manitoba 28.0 1.2 0.0 1.5
Figure 2.5  Comparison of area seeded with the top seven milling oat cultivars each year in western Canada from 2016 to 2023: CS Camden (2014), AC Morgan (2000), Summit (2008), ORe3542M (2017), CDC Arborg (2017), Triactor (2007), CDC Endure (2019), AAC Douglas (2019) (year in brackets indicates the registration date)Footnote 3
Graph data
% of area seeded with milling oats in western Canada
Year CS Camden AC Morgan Summit CDC Ruffian CDC Arborg Triactor ORe3542M CDC Endure AAC Douglas
2016 7.54 34.50 14.64 0.79 NSFootnote 2 5.82 NS NS NS
2017 22.30 24.06 18.31 1.63 NS 7.04 NS NS NS
2018 32.26 21.17 18.62 2.06 NS 5.82 0.08 NS NS
2019 35.50 21.36 19.25 2.41 0.10 3.77 1.29 NS NS
2020 36.06 19.72 18.12 2.71 4.01 3.53 4.03 0.00 0.01
2021 33.75 19.67 16.78 2.21 10.69 2.06 5.02 1.11 0.08
2022 30.48 21.52 14.29 2.76 13.85 1.69 3.18 4.92 0.63
2023 24.10 20.64 14.83 1.22 15.38 2.35 2.71 7.91 3.23
Figure 2.6  Area seeded with the top seven milling oat cultivars in Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba as percentage (%) of area seeded with milling oats in western Canada in 2023Footnote 3
Figure 2.6 description to follow
Figure 2.6 description to follow
Figure 2.6 description to follow
Graph data
% of area seeded with milling oats in western Canada
Province CS Camden AC Morgan CDC Arborg Summit CDC Endure AAC Douglas ORe3542M Triactor
Alberta 2.81 14.30 2.33 0.00 0.40 0.04 0.81 0.00
Saskatchewan 12.99 6.00 10.29 3.07 3.02 0.00 0.51 2.35
Manitoba 8.33 0.33 2.76 11.77 4.48 3.19 1.38 0.00
Table 2.3  Distribution of milling oat cultivars as a percentage (%) of the total area seeded with milling oats in Western Canada in 2023Footnote 3
Milling oat cultivar Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba Western Canada
CS Camden 2.81 12.99 8.33 24.10
AC Morgan 14.30 6.00 0.33 20.64
CDC Arborg 2.33 10.29 2.76 15.38
Summit 0.00 3.07 11.77 14.83
CDC Endure 0.40 3.02 4.48 7.91
AAC Douglas 0.04 0.00 3.19 3.23
ORe3542M 0.81 0.51 1.38 2.71
Triactor 0.00 2.35 0.00 2.35
Derby 1.23 0.32 0.00 1.55
Souris 0.02 0.36 0.87 1.25
CDC Ruffian 0.02 1.20 0.00 1.22
CDC Dancer 0.04 0.91 0.00 0.95
CDC Morrison 0.02 0.61 0.16 0.79
ORe3541M 0.07 0.08 0.47 0.62
Pinnacle 0.00 0.42 0.08 0.50
Leggett 0.00 0.25 0.19 0.44
CDC Minstrel 0.11 0.29 0.00 0.40
CDC Orrin 0.02 0.31 0.00 0.33
CDC Boyer 0.02 0.13 0.00 0.15
Triple Crown 0.00 0.00 0.14 0.14
SW Betania 0.00 0.13 0.00 0.13
Furlong 0.00 0.00 0.12 0.13
Other 0.15 0.06 0.00 0.22
Total 22.4 43.3 34.3 100