Quality of western Canadian mustard 2018 - Introduction

Introduction

This report presents information on the oil, protein and total glucosinolate content, and the fatty acid composition of oriental (Brassica juncea), brown (Brassica juncea) and yellow (Sinapis alba) mustard grown in western Canada in 2018 (Figure 1). The data was obtained from analyses of harvest samples collected by the Canadian Grain Commission.

Figure 1: Mustard crops grown in Canada

Mustard crops grown in Canada: Yellow, Brown and Oriental
Yellow mustard (Sinapis alba)

Yellow mustard (Sinapis alba)

Brown mustard (Brassica juncea)

Brown mustard (Brassica juncea)

Oriental mustard (Brassica juncea)

Oriental mustard (Brassica juncea)

Summary

Mean oil content for the top grade for oriental, brown and yellow mustard in the 2018 harvest was lower than the 10-year average (Figures 2, 3 and 4) at 38.8, 35.2 and 27.3% while the mean protein for the top grade oriental, brown and yellow mustard was higher at 29.2, 30.0 and 34.7%, respectively. Total glucosinolate content in the top grade mustard was 126 micromoles per gram (mmole/g) for oriental and 111 micromoles/gram for brown, which is higher than the 10-year average of 117 micromoles/gram for oriental and 106 micromoles/gram for brown mustard (Figure 5). Oil, protein and glucosinolates are reported on a dry matter basis.

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