Barley Harvest Annual Report 2021

Barley production in 2021

On this page:

Annual production statistics

The total area planted with barley in western Canada in 2021 was 3.257 million hectares. This is 10% higher than last year and 25% higher than the 10-year average (Table 2.1). Compared to last year, the 2021 barley seeded area in Alberta and British Columbia, and Saskatchewan increased by 5% and 18%, respectively but remained similar in Manitoba (Table 2.1 and Figure 2.1).

Barley production in western Canada in 2021 was estimated at only 6.602 million tonnes. This is approximately 37% lower than last year and 21% lower than the 10-year average (Table 2.2).

This year the severe drought resulted in an estimated barley yield of 42.2 BPA in western Canada. This is exceptionally low compared to the 2020 yield of 71.8 BPA (Table 2.3 and Figure 2.3). The particularly low average barley yield in Saskatchewan is likely due to the abandonment of some fields that had been seeded.

Table 2.1 Total barley seeded area in Canada
Seeded area (million hectares)
  2019 2020 10 year average* 2021**
Manitoba 0.136 0.168 0.155 0.167
Saskatchewan 1.275 1.264 1.029 1.500
Alberta and British Columbia 1.467 1.512 1.409 1.590
Western Canada 2.878 2.944 2.598 3.257
Canada 2.996 3.060 2.733 3.357

Source: Statistics Canada
*10-year average from 2011 to 2020
** Estimated as of December 2021

Figure 2.1 Yearly comparison of total barley seeded area in western Canada
Compared to last year, the 2021 barley seeded area in Alberta and British Columbia, and Saskatchewan increased by 5% and 18%, respectively but remained similar in Manitoba

Source: Statistics Canada
*10-year average from 2011 to 2020
** Estimated as of December 2021

Details
Total barley seeded area (millions of hectares)
  Western Canada Alberta and British Columbia Saskatchewan Manitoba
2011 2.51 1.44 0.88 0.138
2012 2.84 1.55 1.06 0.219
2013 2.71 1.50 1.02 0.182
2014 2.25 1.32 0.81 0.121
2015 2.57 1.44 0.95 0.182
2016 2.58 1.41 1.00 0.168
2017 2.22 1.17 0.94 0.107
2018 2.50 1.28 1.09 0.131
2019 2.88 1.47 1.28 0.136
2020 2.94 1.51 1.26 0.168
2021 3.26 1.59 1.50 0.167
Table 2.2 Total barley production in Canada
Production (million tonnes)
  2019 2020 10 year average* 2021**
Manitoba 0.529 0.686 0.528 0.432
Saskatchewan 4.449 4.385 3.202 2.547
Alberta and British Columbia 5.018 5.345 4.611 3.624
Western Canada 9.996 10.416 8.353 6.602
Canada 10.383 10.741 8.772 6.948

Source: Statistics Canada
*10-year average from 2011 to 2020
** Estimated as of December 2021

Figure 2.2 Yearly comparison of total barley production in western Canada
Compared to last year, total barley production in western Canada was lower.

Source: Statistics Canada
*10-year average from 2011 to 2020
** Estimated as of December 2021

Details
Total barley production (millions of tonnes)
  Western Canada Alberta and British Columbia Saskatchewan Manitoba
2011 7.43 4.61 2.44 0.26
2012 7.49 4.52 2.35 0.62
2013 9.75 5.63 3.41 0.71
2014 6.70 4.17 2.17 0.36
2015 7.82 4.36 2.86 0.60
2016 8.42 4.46 3.38 0.59
2017 7.52 3.94 3.14 0.44
2018 8.00 4.06 3.44 0.50
2019 10.00 5.02 4.45 0.53
2020 10.42 5.35 4.39 0.69
2021 6.60 3.62 2.55 0.43
Table 2.3 Average barley yield
Average barley yield (bushels per acre)
  2019 2020 10 year average* 2021**
Manitoba 76.9 79.9 68.6 54.8
Saskatchewan 69.3 68.7 61.7 35.5
Alberta 72.4 74.0 69.8 47.4
Western Canada 71.1 71.8 66.6 42.2
Canada 70.8 71.1 66.1 43.0

Source: Statistics Canada
*10-year average from 2011 to 2020
** Estimated as of December 2021

Figure 2.3 Yearly comparison of average barley yield in the prairie provinces
This year the severe drought resulted in an estimated barley yield of 43.2 BPA in western Canada. This is exceptionally low compared to the 2020 yield of 71.8 BPA

Source: Statistics Canada
*10-year average from 2011 to 2020
** Estimated as of December 2021

Details
Average barley yield (bushels per acre)
  Manitoba Saskatchewan Alberta
2011 44.4 55.3 67.0
2012 54.6 43.9 59.9
2013 75.5 66.1 75.6
2014 58.2 53.7 66.3
2015 68.8 60.7 68.3
2016 72.0 69.8 75.9
2017 80.4 66.4 71.8
2018 75.3 62.7 66.8
2019 76.9 69.3 72.4
2020 79.9 68.7 74.0
2021 54.8 35.5 47.4

Distribution of barley classes

Barley is grown across the Canadian prairies and is used for malting, food, and general purposes (feed and forage). Based on insured commercial acres in 2021, general purpose barley accounted for 51.7% of the barley seeded area in Alberta and British Columbia while malting barley accounted for 43.9% (Figure 2.4a). In Saskatchewan the majority of barley seeded area (54.9%) was planted with malting barley varieties (Figure 2.4a). In Manitoba approximately 38.9% of barley seeded area was planted with malting varieties and 55.5% with general purpose varieties (Figure 2.4a). For all of western Canada in 2021, barley seeded area consisted of 50.4% malting barley, 42.3% general purpose barley, and 2.3% food barley (Figure 2.4b).

Figure 2.4a Distribution of barley classes as a percentage of total area seeded with barley in each province in 2021
In 2021, general purpose barley accounted for 51.7% of the barley seeded area in Alberta and British Columbia while malting barley accounted for 43.9%. In Saskatchewan the majority of barley seeded area (29.8%) was planted with malting barley varieties. In Manitoba approximately 38.9% of barley seeded area was planted with malting varieties and 55.5% with general purpose varieties.
Details
Percentage of total area seeded with barley in each province in 2021
  Malting Food General purpose Not specified
Alberta and British Columbia 43.9 4.1 51.7 0.2
Saskatchewan 59.4 0.1 29.8 10.7
Manitoba 38.9 3.7 55.5 1.9
Western Canada 50.4 2.3 42.3 5.0
Figure 2.4b Distribution of barley classes as a percentage of total area seeded with barley in all of western Canada from 2016-2021
For all of western Canada in 2021, barley seeded area consisted of 50.4% malting barley, 42.3% general purpose barley, and 2.3% food barley
Details
Percentage of total area seeded with barley in all of western Canada from 2016-2021
  Malting Food General purpose Not specified
2016 56.2 0.6 37.3 5.9
2017 60.8 1.3 31.7 6.2
2018 56.3 1.9 36.5 5.3
2019 55.1 2.2 37.3 5.4
2020 53.7 2.4 38.5 5.3
2021 50.4 2.3 42.3 5.0

Distribution of malting varieties

CDC Copeland and AAC Synergy were the most common malting barley cultivars grown in western Canada in 2021 (Table 2.4). The area seeded with CDC Copeland was 34.79% in 2021, a decrease from 42.44% in 2020 (Table 2.4 and Figure 2.5). The area seeded with AAC Synergy has been steadily growing and in 2021 it increased to 28.16% from 22.54% in 2020. The area seeded with AC Metcalfe in 2021 was only 11.18%, the lowest seen in the last decade (Figure 2.5). AAC Connect is becoming a popular variety whose acreage shows a steady growth and in 2021 it increased to 8.65% from 5.19% in 2020. The area planted with recently registered two-rowed cultivars, especially CDC Fraser, CDC Copper and Sirish, continued to grow. The area planted with CDC Bow remained stable at about 2.7% (Figure 2.6). Together they accounted for approximately 11.73% of the total area seeded with malting barley varieties in western Canada (Table 2.4).

The production of six-rowed malting barley continued to decline. In 2021, six-rowed cultivars accounted for only about 2.80% of the total area seeded with malting barley, down from 3.32 % in 2020 and 4.01% in 2019. Legacy, Celebration and Tradition remained the top three six-rowed varieties (Table 2.4).

The production of two-rowed cultivars predominated in each province (Table 2.4). In 2021, CDC Copeland and AAC Synergy predominated in Alberta and Saskatchewan. The area seeded with malting barley in Manitoba was relatively low compared to other western provinces. In 2021, the most popular cultivars seeded in Manitoba were AAC Connect, AAC Synergy, CDC Copeland, AC Metcalfe and Celebration (Table 2.4).

Figure 2.5 Comparison of areas seeded with top malting barley cultivars in western Canada from 2014 to 2021
The area seeded with AC Metcalfe in 2021 was only 11.18%, the lowest seen in the last decade.

Source: Sask Crop Insurance, Alberta Ag Financial Services Corp., Manitoba Agricultural Services Corporation, BC Crop Insurance

Details
Percentage of total area seeded with top malting barley in western Canada
  CDC Copeland AC Metcalfe AAC Synergy AAC Connect
2014 29.81 38.87 0.21 0.00
2015 35.38 38.50 0.84 0.00
2016 44.70 34.20 5.19 0.01
2017 48.76 32.04 7.43 0.11
2018 46.31 29.79 11.22 0.77
2019 44.03 23.70 19.20 2.06
2020 42.44 17.66 22.54 5.19
2021 34.79 11.18 28.16 8.65
Figure 2.6 Comparison of areas seeded with recently registered malting barley cultivarsFootnote1
Comparison of areas seeded with recently registered malting barley cultivars: CDC Bow (2015), CDC Fraser (2016), Lowe (2016), Sirish (2017), and CDC Copper (2018) in western Canada from 2014 to 2021. Numbers in brackets indicate the year of variety registration.

Source: Sask Crop Insurance, Alberta Ag Financial Services Corp., Manitoba Agricultural Services Corporation, BC Crop Insurance

Details
Percentage of total area seeded with recently registered malting barley in each province in 2021
  CDC Bow Newdale CDC Fraser CDC Copper Lowe Sirish
2014 0.00 5.69 0.00 0.00 - 0.00
2015 0.00 5.23 0.00 0.00 - 0.00
2016 0.01 3.07 0.00 0.00 - 0.00
2017 0.26 2.27 0.01 0.00 0.010 0.00
2018 0.91 2.19 0.03 0.01 0.014 0.02
2019 2.01 1.55 0.53 0.03 0.020 0.33
2020 2.71 1.15 1.67 0.12 0.020 1.58
2021 2.69 0.89 3.29 0.93 0.014 4.85
Table 2.4 Distribution of malting barley cultivars expressed as a percentage of the total area seeded with malting barley in 2021
Area seeded with malting barley (% of total) in 2021
Malting barley cultivars Alberta & BC Saskatchewan Manitoba Total western Canada
2-rowed % % % %
CDC Copeland 13.76 20.26 0.76 34.79
AAC Synergy 10.75 16.26 1.15 28.16
AC Metcalfe 4.50 6.09 0.59 11.18
AAC Connect 3.63 3.75 1.27 8.65
Sirish 4.78 0.04 0.03 4.85
CDC Fraser 0.93 1.98 0.37 3.29
CDC Bow 1.29 1.27 0.13 2.69
CDC Copper 0.69 0.12 0.12 0.93
Newdale 0.09 0.52 0.28 0.89
Cerveza 0.35 0.06 0.05 0.45
Bentley 0.28 0.04 0.03 0.34
CDC Churchill 0.17 0.09 0.00 0.26
Bill Coors 100 0.23 0.02 0.00 0.25
CDC Platinum Star 0.00 0.17 0.00 0.17
CDC Meredith 0.06 0.02 0.00 0.08
CDC Goldstar 0.00 0.07 0.00 0.07
CDC Kindersley 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.04
Manley 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.03
Lowe 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.01
AB Brewnet 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.01
Harrington 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.01
CDC Stratus 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.01
Other 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.03
Total 2-rowed 41.64 50.76 4.79 97.20
6-rowed % % % %
Legacy 0.57 1.31 0.03 1.91
Celebration 0.00 0.15 0.50 0.65
Tradition 0.00 0.00 0.08 0.08
Other 0.11 0.03 0.03 0.16
TOTAL 6-rowed 0.68 1.49 0.64 2.80

Source: Sask Crop Insurance, Alberta Ag Financial Services Corp., Manitoba Agricultural Services Corporation, BC Crop Insurance

Distribution of general purpose and food barley varieties

Based on the 2021 insured acreage in western Canada, food (F) and general purpose (GP) barley varieties accounted for 44.6% of the total barley seeded area (Figure 2.4, right). CDC Austenson and Brahma predominated the GP barley cultivars (Table 2.5 and Figure 2.7). CDC Austenson was the top variety grown in every western province in 2021. The area seeded with Champion and Xena decreased in 2021. The acreage of Oreana increased from 4.1% in 2020 to 7.1% in 2021.

Table 2.5 Distribution of barley cultivars expressed as a percentage of the total area seeded with general purpose and food barley in 2021
  Area seeded with general purpose and food barley (% of total) in 2021
General purpose cultivars Alberta & British Columbia Saskatchewan Manitoba Total western Canada
CDC Austenson 20.05 20.06 5.85 45.95
Brahma 10.39 0.21 0.00 10.60
Oreana 5.49 1.55 0.06 7.10
Claymore 3.24 2.39 0.41 6.04
Canmore (F) 4.48 0.00 0.55 5.03
CDC Coalition 3.52 0.14 0.00 3.65
Champion 2.62 0.86 0.05 3.53
CDC Maverick 1.18 2.09 0.21 3.49
Conlon 1.18 0.17 1.95 3.30
Xena 3.10 0.11 0.00 3.21
CDC Cowboy 0.86 0.54 0.05 1.46
Altorado 0.67 0.41 0.03 1.11
AB Cattlelac 0.67 0.17 0.15 1.00
AB Advantage 0.46 0.00 0.00 0.46
Amisk 0.40 0.00 0.00 0.40
CDC Thompson 0.39 0.00 0.00 0.39
AB Advantage 0.00 0.30 0.00 0.30
Esma 0.24 0.00 0.03 0.27
Seebe 0.25 0.00 0.00 0.25
AC Rosser 0.08 0.16 0.00 0.24
Sundre 0.10 0.11 0.00 0.20
AC Ranger 0.13 0.05 0.00 0.18
CDC Bold 0.18 0.00 0.00 0.18
CDC Trey 0.16 0.00 0.00 0.16
Ponoka 0.16 0.00 0.00 0.16
CDC McGwire (F) 0.00 0.10 0.04 0.14
Busby 0.09 0.00 0.00 0.09
AC Albright 0.09 0.00 0.00 0.09
Otal 0.09 0.00 0.00 0.09
Gadsby 0.06 0.03 0.00 0.09
Other 0.69 0.14 0.00 0.83
Total general purpose and food 61.0 29.6 9.4 100.00

Source: Sask Crop Insurance, Alberta Ag Financial Services Corp., Manitoba Agricultural Services Corporation, BC Crop Insurance

Figure 2.7 Comparison of areas seeded with the top five general purpose and food barley cultivars in western Canada from 2015 to 2021
CDC Austenson and Brahma, predominated the general purpose barley cultivars.
Details
Percentage of total area seeded with general purpose and food barley in western Canada from 2015 to 2021
  CDC Austenson Brahma Champion Claymore Coalition Xena Oreana Canmore
2015 29.40 2.00 17.00 0.00 5.90 21.30 0.00 0.30
2016 34.40 6.80 14.40 0.02 5.30 16.20 0.01 1.23
2017 35.23 11.15 11.25 0.19 6.05 12.26 0.07 3.27
2018 38.19 9.66 9.75 1.88 4.74 10.47 0.42 4.65
2019 40.42 10.91 7.72 2.52 5.03 6.64 2.48 5.54
2020 42.90 11.00 5.30 4.69 4.70 5.20 4.10 5.70
2021 45.95 10.60 3.53 6.04 3.65 3.22 7.10 5.03
Date modified: