Quality of Canadian Soybean, oilseed-type 2016 - Introduction

Summary

In 2016 the average oil content for Soybean, No. 1 and No. 2 grades combined, was 21.7% on a dry matter basis (Table 2). This was very similar to last year’s average of 21.5% and to the 5-year average (2011-15) of 21.5%. The average protein content for Soybean, No. 1 and No. 2 grades was 40.1%, which was higher than last year’s (39.6%) and the 5-year average (39.4%). The oil and protein content averages for No. 1 and No. 2 grades combined varied between eastern and western provinces. Manitoba had an oil content of 20.9% and a protein content of 38.6%, whereas Saskatchewan had an oil content of 20.2% and a protein content of 39.7%. Ontario had an oil content of 22.1% and a protein content of 40.8%. Québec had an oil content of 19.9% and a protein content of 40.3%. Prince Edward Island and New Brunswick had an oil content and protein content of 21.5%, 21.4% and 39.6% and 38.4% respectively.

Acknowledgments

The Grain Research Laboratory acknowledges the cooperation of the soybean producers, grain handling offices, and oilseed crushing plants in eastern and western Canada for supplying the samples of newly harvested soybean. The assistance of the Industry Services Division of the Canadian Grain Commission in grading producer samples is also acknowledged. The technical assistance of the Oilseeds staff, Grain Research Laboratory is recognized.

Introduction

Canadian soybean growing area has expanded over the last couple of years. Soybean is now a crop grown countrywide from the Maritimes to the western provinces (Figure 1).

This harvest survey report is based on 371 samples of oilseed type soybean (previously described as non-food grade), more than what was received in 2015 (225) and in 2014 (346). Samples were from Manitoba (73), Ontario (211), Québec (62), Saskatchewan (10), Prince Edwards Island (8) and New-Brunswick (7). Of the submitted samples, 20.5% were graded as Soybean, No. 1 Canada; 77.4% were graded as Soybean, No. 2 Canada, 1.6% were graded as Soybean, No. 3 Canada and 0.5% were graded Soybean, No. 4 Canada.

Quality data (oil, protein, free fatty acid, chlorophyll and fatty acid composition) are based on the means of Soybean, No. 1 and No. 2 Canada grades combined for all oilseed-type samples received from the Maritimes (New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island), eastern Canada (Ontario and Québec), and western Canada (Manitoba and Saskatchewan). Alberta was not included as no samples were received from Alberta this year (Tables 2 and 3). In addition, results for all combined grades for each province are provided for comarison (Tables 3 and 4). Table 4 presents last year’s (2015) quality data for a comparison to this year’s harvest.

Figure 1 – Soybean production area in Canada

Soy Bean production area in Canada
This map shows the regions, from west to east: Prairies, Onatrio, Québec, and Atlantic, where Soybean is now a crop grown countrywide.
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