Grains not regulated under the Canada Grain Act

Effective July 1, 2011 in the Eastern region, and August 1, 2011 in the Western region, the Canadian Grain Commission no longer provides services for grain not regulated (non-designated grain) under the Canada Grain Act.
This means that:

  1. there is no grade schedule for these grains;
  2. producers and industry may not apply to the Canadian Grain Commission for the determination of grade, dockage, analysis, or statement of assurance;
  3. these grains will not be included in the calculation of security requirements for licensees, and producers are not eligible for security coverage should a licensee fail to pay for a delivery;
  4. licensees must apply in writing to the Chief Grain Inspector of the Canadian Grain Commission for authorization by way of order to handle non-designated grain. This application must include the grain name, volume, and handling timeframe;
  5. licensees cannot issue authorized documents for these grains;
  6. licensed terminal elevator operators must report receipt and shipment tonnage to the Canadian Grain Commission;
  7. stocks in-store for non-designated grain must be included as part of elevator inventory during weigh-overs at licensed terminal elevators. This requirement does not apply to licensed primary elevators;
  8. should there be evidence of non-designated grain in a sample or cargo of grain being handled by a licensee, the official inspection procedures will include a determination of commercial cleanliness, and may result in dockage being assigned. In such a case, non-designated grain not removable as dockage will be assessed as a grading factor applicable to the type of grain in which it is identified, which may affect the official grade of such grain.

The following are examples of the types of commodities that are not considered grain as defined under the Canada Grain Act:

  • Canary Seed - Canada is the world's largest producer and exporter of canary seed, a cool-season crop grown in Saskatchewan and other parts of western Canada.
  • Spelt - This ancient crop has been virtually replaced by common wheat. It has since re-emerged as a heritage grain and health food, and is most often grown in organic cropping systems.
  • Quinoa - This ancient crop originated in the Andes, and is commonly used as a replacement for cereal grains such as wheat or rice.
  • Kamut - This is an ancient relative of modern durum wheat. Although there are no varieties of Kamut registered in Canada, small volumes are grown in Canada, usually under contract.
  • Camelina - This is an ancient oilseed crop that is native to Europe and Asia. It is currently undergoing research trials in Canada to develop modern applications.
  • Solin – An oilseed that meets the standards for low linolenic acid content of less than 5%.
  • Brassica Carinata - Commonly known as Ethiopian Mustard, this commodity is being grown in the dryer areas of western Canada targeted for the bio-diesel industry. It is a small oilseed that is very similar in size and shape to canola and domestic mustard seed. Varieties range in color from brown to yellow and has high erucic acid content similar to mustard seed or rapeseed.

These commodities are becoming increasingly popular, but are not included in the 20 grains regulated by the CGC. The 20 grains regulated by the CGC are: barley, oats, rye, triticale, wheat, canola, flaxseed, mustard, rapeseed, safflower seed, soybeans, sunflower seed, beans, chick peas, fababeans, lentils, peas, mixed grain, buckwheat, and corn.

For further information please direct licensing inquiries to Lorena Morales, Head of Licensing (204-983-2660), weighing inquiries to Brent Andrews, Chief of Weighing/Registrar (204-229-0128), and grading inquiries to Gino Castonguay, Chief Grain Inspector for Canada (204-983-2780).

Gino Castonguay
Chief Grain Inspector for Canada

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