Quality of Western Canadian malting barley 2016 - Quality data for individual malting barley varieties

Quality data for individual malting barley varieties

In 2016, CDC Copeland became the dominant malting barley variety grown in Western Canada. Its excellent brewing characteristics combined with lower protein and enzyme levels, provides an excellent balance within the portfolio of malting barley varieties.

Quality data for 2016 harvest survey composite samples of CDC Copeland malting barleyFootnote1
Origin of selected samples Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba Prairie Provinces
Crop year 2016 2015 2016 2015 2016 2016 2015 2011-2015 Average
Tonnage, thousands of tonnesFootnote2 481 261 232 290 38 761 551 336
Barley
Test Weight, kg/hL 66.1 66.2 65.3 66.4 66.2 65.8 66.3 66.2
1000 kernel weight, g 47.9 47.6 46.0 46.8 44.0 47.1 47.2 45.9
Plump, over 6/64" sieve, % 93.7 96.1 92.8 94.9 90.7 93.3 95.4 92.9
Intermediate grade, over 5/64"sieve, % 4.3 2.9 4.9 3.7 6.8 4.6 3.3 5.3
Moisture, % Footnote3 13.1 12.1 12.6 12.7 11.9 12.9 12.4 12.0
Protein, % 10.8 12.2 11.0 12.3 11.1 10.9 12.2 11.5
Germination, 4 ml (3 day), % 97 97 97 97 98 97 97 97
Germination, 8 ml (3 day), % 90 94 91 86 93 90 90 91
Malt
Yield, % 92.1 90.8 91.3 90.6 92.1 91.8 90.7 91.9
Steep-out moisture, % 44.9 44.9 45.3 45.3 44.0 45.0 45.1 44.3
Friability, % 75.9 73.9 76.6 74.6 83.3 76.4 74.2 78.3
Moisture, % 6.1 5.3 6.3 5.3 5.7 6.2 5.3 5.1
Diastatic power, ° 161 171 170 174 164 164 172 146
α-amylase, D.U. 70.5 73.3 76.2 76.0 79.4 72.6 74.7 56.8
Wort
Fine grind extract, % 81.1 80.2 81.1 80.3 81.8 81.2 80.2 80.6
Coarse grind extract, % 80.5 79.3 80.7 79.6 80.9 80.6 79.4 79.7
F/C difference, % 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.8
ß-Glucan, ppm 105 48 69 41 68 92 44 65
Viscosity, cP 1.43 1.43 1.41 1.43 1.42 1.42 1.43 1.43
Soluble protein, % 4.39 4.73 4.75 5.11 4.92 4.52 4.93 4.88
Ratio S/T, % 40.1 39.6 41.9 42.7 43.9 40.8 41.2 42.0
FAN, mg/L 202 217 223 234 234 209 226 205
Colour, ASBC units 1.91 2.06 2.32 2.31 2.17 2.04 2.19 2.19

Percentage of the total malting barley area in Western Canada seeded with CDC Copeland in 2016 compared to 2015

Chart:% total acres seeded with CDC Copeland in 2016 and 2015.Details below

  • Details
    Percentage of the total malting barley area in Western Canada seeded with CDC Copeland in 2016 compared to 2015
    Crop years 2016 2015
    % total area 44.7 35.4

Average protein content in CDC Copeland selected for malting from 2010 to 2016

Chart:Average protein content in CDC Copeland,2016-2016.Details below

  • Details
    Average protein content in CDC Copeland selected for malting from 2010 to 2016
    Crop years 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Protein, % 11.2 11.0 11.7 11.2 11.5 12.2 10.9

Average 1000 kernel weight of CDC Copeland selected for malting from 2010 to 2016

Chart:Average 1000 kernel weight of CDC Copeland,2016-2016.Details below

  • Details
    Average 1000 kernel weight of CDC Copeland selected for malting from 2010 to 2016
    Crop years 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    1000 kernel weight, g 43.0 45.9 43.1 48.3 45.1 47.2 47.1

Comparison of average levels of extract by variety in 2016

Chart:Average levels of extract by variety in 2016.Details below

  • Details
    Comparison of average levels of extract by variety in 2016
    Variety 2016
    CDC Copeland 81.2
    AC Metcalfe 81.3
    AAC Synergy 81.4

Comparison of average levels of diastatic power by variety in 2016

Chart:Average levels of diastatic power by variety in 2016.Details below

  • Details
    Comparison of average levels of diastatic power by variety in 2016
    Variety 2016
    CDC Copeland 164
    AC Metcalfe 200
    AAC Synergy 171

In 2016, AC Metcalfe occupied the second largest area seeded with malting barley on the Prairies. Despite slightly lower production of AC Metcalfe in 2016 compared to 2015, this variety continues to be one of the most dominant malting barley variety grown in Western Canada. With high levels of extract and diastatic enzymes, its reputation for excellent brewing performance generates strong demand from both domestic and export markets.

Quality data for 2016 harvest survey composite samples of AC Metcalfe malting barley Footnote1
Origin of selected samples Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba Prairie Provinces
Crop year 2016 2015 2016 2015 2016 2016 2015 2011-2015 Average
Tonnage, thousands of tonnesFootnote2 131 247 226 198 9.7 366 445 362
Barley
Test Weight, kg/hL 67.7 67.7 68.0 67.2 67.3 67.8 67.5 67.5
1000 kernel weight, g 45.6 44.7 44.8 43.5 42.7 45.0 44.1 43.9
Plump, over 6/64" sieve, % 93.0 93.4 92.2 92.8 88.9 92.4 93.1 92.1
Intermediate grade, over 5/64"sieve, % 4.8 4.9 5.5 5.5 8.0 5.3 5.2 5.8
Moisture, % Footnote3 12.8 11.9 12.7 11.9 11.6 12.7 11.9 11.7
Protein, % 12.0 12.7 12.1 12.6 12.1 12.0 12.7 12.0
Germination, 4 ml (3 day), % 98 96 98 96 97 98 96 98
Germination, 8 ml (3 day), % 92 85 86 80 83 88 83 88
Malt
Yield, % 91.1 90.2 91.2 89.7 92.3 91.2 90.0 91.3
Steep-out moisture, % 45.2 45.2 44.9 45.6 44.5 45.0 45.4 44.6
Friability, % 59.2 61.9 61.8 64.3 71.1 61.1 63.0 70.5
Moisture, % 6.4 5.2 6.5 5.1 4.9 6.4 5.2 5.1
Diastatic power, ° 199 190 201 188 175 200 189 169
α-amylase, D.U. 100.2 92.0 100.3 92.1 94.7 100.1 92.0 75.1
Wort
Fine grind extract, % 81.1 80.6 81.4 80.5 81.5 81.3 80.5 80.8
Coarse grind extract, % 80.5 79.8 80.6 79.8 80.8 80.6 79.8 79.9
F/C difference, % 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
ß-Glucan, ppm 98 40 102 34 163 102 38 64
Viscosity, cP 1.42 1.43 1.42 1.42 1.44 1.42 1.42 1.43
Soluble protein, % 4.77 5.16 4.83 5.39 4.79 4.81 5.26 4.95
Ratio S/T, % 40.5 41.7 40.8 43.8 40.6 40.7 42.6 41.2
FAN, mg/L 222 248 229 258 241 227 253 215
Colour, ASBC units 1.93 2.30 1.42 2.52 2.22 2.07 2.40 2.15

Percentage of the total malting barley area in Western Canada seeded with AC Metcalfe in 2016 compared to 2015

Chart:% total acres seeded with AC Metcalfe in 2016 and 2015.Details below

  • Details
    Percentage of the total malting barley area in Western Canada seeded with AC Metcalfe in 2016 compared to 2015
    Crop years 2016 2015
    % total area 34.2 38.5

Average protein content in AC Metcalfe selected for malting from 2010 to 2016

Chart:Average protein content in AC Metcalfe,2010-2016.Details below

  • Details
    Average protein content in AC Metcalfe selected for malting from 2010 to 2016
    Crop years 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Protein, % 11.8 11.6 12.1 11.5 12.2 12.7 12.0

Average 1000 kernel weight of AC Metcalfe selected for malting from 2010 to 2016

Chart:Average 1000 kernel weight of AC Metcalfe,2010-2016.Details below

  • Details
    Average 1000 kernel weight of AC Metcalfe selected for malting from 2010 to 2016
    Crop years 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    1000 kernel weight, g 41.8 44.4 40.4 46.5 44.1 44.1 45.0

Comparison of average levels of extract by variety in 2016

Chart:Average levels of extract by variety in 2016.Details below

  • Details
    Comparison of average levels of extract by variety in 2016
    Variety 2016
    AC Metcalfe 81.3
    CDC Copeland 81.2
    CDC Kindersley 81.6

Comparison of average levels of diastatic power by variety in 2016

Chart:Average levels of diastatic power by variety in 2016.Details below

  • Details
    Comparison of average levels of diastatic power by variety in 2016
    Variety 2016
    AC Metcalfe 200
    CDC Copeland 164
    CDC Kindersley 220

In 2016, AAC Synergy became the third most popular variety grown on the Prairies. AAC Synergy is a newer high yielding variety with relatively high kernel weight and plumpness. AAC Synergy is characterized by relatively low grain protein content. AAC Synergy has a desirable malting quality profile with high malt extract, good protein modification, low levels of wort beta-glucans, and intermediate levels of starch-degrading enzymes. Overall, AAC Synergy’s excellent combination of agronomic traits, disease resistance and malting quality make it a desirable two-row malting barley variety for western Canadian producers and the malting and brewing industry.

Quality data for 2016 harvest survey composite samples of AAC Synergy malting barley Footnote1
Origin of selected samples Prairie Provinces
Crop year 2016 2015
Tonnage, thousands of tonnesFootnote2 44 8.1
Barley
Test Weight, kg/hL 64.4 66.7
1000 kernel weight,g 48.4 51.4
Plump, over 6/64" sieve, % 96.3 97.2
Intermediate grade, over 5/64"sieve, % 2.2 1.6
Moisture, %Footnote3 13.4 12.6
Protein, % 10.9 11.5
Germination, 4 ml (3 day), % 99 99
Germination, 8 ml (3 day), % 86 95
Malt
Yield, % 91.1 90.5
Steep-out moisture, % 45.9 45.4
Friability, % 75.5 72.4
Moisture, % 5.8 5.2
Diastatic power, ° 171 153
α-amylase, D.U. 85.7 80.1
Wort
Fine grind extract, % 81.4 81.3
Coarse grind extract, % 81.0 80.3
F/C difference, % 0.4 1.0
ß-Glucan, ppm 49 25
Viscosity, cP 1.40 1.41
Soluble protein, % 4.43 4.58
Ratio S/T, % 41.4 42.0
FAN, mg/L 202 212
Colour, ASBC units 1.91 1.96

Percentage of the total malting barley area in Western Canada seeded with AAC Synergy in 2016 compared to 2015

Chart:% total acres seeded with AAC Synergy in 2016 and 2015.Details below

  • Details
    Percentage of the total malting barley area in Western Canada seeded with AAC Synergy in 2016 compared to 2015
    Crop years 2016 2015
    % total area 5.2 0.8

Average protein content in AAC Synergy selected for malting from 2015 to 2016

Chart:Average protein content in AAC Synergy,2015-2016.Details below

  • Details
    Average protein content in AAC Synergy selected for malting from 2015 to 2016
    Crop years 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Protein, %           11.5 10.9

Average 1000 kernel weight of AAC Synergy selected for malting from 2015 to 2016

Chart:Average 1000 kernel weight of AAC Synergy,2015-2016.Details below

  • Details
    Average 1000 kernel weight of AAC Synergy selected for malting from 2015 to 2016
    Crop years 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    1000 kernel weight, g           51.4 48.4

Comparison of average levels of extract by variety in 2016

Chart:Average levels of extract by variety in 2016.Details below

  • Details
    Comparison of average levels of extract by variety in 2016
    Variety 2016
    AAC Synergy 81.4
    AC Metcalfe 81.3
    CDC Copeland 81.2

Comparison of average levels of diastatic power by variety in 2016

Chart:Average levels of diastatic power by variety in 2016.Details below

  • Details
    Comparison of average levels of diastatic power by variety in 2016
    Variety 2016
    AAC Synergy 171
    AC Metcalfe 200
    CDC Copeland 164

The area seeded with Bentley decreased slightly in 2016 compared to 2015; however still significant quantities were grown and selected in 2016. With high yields and good disease resistance, Bentley is an attractive choice for producers. Bentley’s consistently large kernels have the potential to deliver high levels of extract.

Quality data for 2016 harvest survey composite samples of Bentley malting barley Footnote1
Origin of selected samples Prairie Provinces
Crop yearFootnote4 2016 2015 2012-2015 Average
Tonnage, thousands of tonnesFootnote2 9.0 6.3 5.8
Barley
Test Weight, kg/hL 67.4 64.5 63.9
1000 kernel weight,g 50.8 53.6 49.4
Plump, over 6/64" sieve, % 96.1 96.7 93.6
Intermediate grade, over 5/64"sieve, % 1.5 1.5 4.1
Moisture, %Footnote3 13.4 14.0 13.5
Protein, % 10.6 12.3 12.1
Germination, 4 ml (3 day), % 99 94 95
Germination, 8 ml (3 day), % 84 82 80
Malt
Yield, % 91.6 91.0 90.3
Steep-out moisture, % 44.8 45.8 45.9
Friability, % 75.5 60.5 71.4
Moisture, % 6.2 5.7 5.4
Diastatic power, ° 174 170 159
α-amylase, D.U. 78.7 61.2 61.8
Wort
Fine grind extract, % 82.1 80.5 80.6
Coarse grind extract, % 81.8 80.2 80.2
F/C difference, % 0.3 0.3 0.4
ß-Glucan, ppm 86 41 42
Viscosity, cP 1.43 1.44 1.42
Soluble protein, % 4.43 5.11 5.06
Ratio S/T, % 43.0 42.0 42.0
FAN, mg/L 208 244 232
Colour, ASBC units 1.74 2.35 2.40

Percentage of the total malting barley area in Western Canada seeded with Bentley in 2016 compared to 2015

Chart:% total acres seeded with Bentley in 2016 and 2015.Details below

  • Details
    Percentage of the total malting barley area in Western Canada seeded with Bentley in 2016 compared to 2015
    Crop years 2016 2015
    % total area 2.7 3.4

Average protein content in Bentley selected for malting from 2011 to 2016

Chart:Average protein content in Bentley,2011-2016.Details below

  • Details
    Average protein content in Bentley selected for malting from 2011 to 2016
    Crop years 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Protein, %   10.7 12.1 11.9   12.3 10.6

Average 1000 kernel weight of Bentley selected for malting from 2011 to 2016

Chart:Average 1000 kernel weight of Bentley,2011-2016.Details below

  • Details
    Average 1000 kernel weight of Bentley selected for malting from 2011 to 2016
    Crop years 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    1000 kernel weight, g   48.7 43.9 50.6   53.6 50.8

Comparison of average levels of extract by variety in 2016

Chart:Average levels of extract by variety in 2016.Details below

  • Details
    Comparison of average levels of extract by variety in 2016
    Variety 2016
    Bentley 82.1
    AC Metcalfe 81.3
    CDC Copeland 81.2

Comparison of average levels of diastatic power by variety in 2016

Chart:Average levels of diastatic power by variety in 2016.Details below

  • Details
    Comparison of average levels of diastatic power by variety in 2016
    Variety 2016
    Bentley 174
    AC Metcalfe 200
    CDC Copeland 164

CDC Kindersley is a newer early maturing, high yielding variety descended from CDC Kendall. CDC Kindersley modifies easily, resulting in high friability values and low levels of wort β-glucan. Its relatively high FAN and enzyme levels make it well suited for adjunct or high gravity brewing.

Quality data for 2016 harvest survey composite samples of CDC Kindersley malting barley Footnote1
Origin of selected samples Prairie Provinces
Crop year 2016 2015 2012-2015 Average
Tonnage, Thousands of tonnesFootnote2 2.8 4.2 7.6
Barley
Test Weight, kg/hL 66.8 66.5 67
1000 kernel weight,g 45.4 47.2 45.4
Plump, over 6/64" sieve, % 92.8 96.7 93.8
Intermediate grade, over 5/64"sieve, % 5.0 2.2 4.4
Moisture, %Footnote3 13.6 13.4 12.7
Protein, % 11.7 11.9 11.8
Germination, 4 ml (3 day), % 91 94 95
Germination, 8 ml (3 day), % 88 82 89
Malt
Yield, % 90.2 90.5 90.3
Steep-out moisture, % 45.5 46.6 45.9
Friability, % 65.8 66.8 74.1
Moisture, % 6.3 5.6 5.3
Diastatic power, ° 220 201 190
α-amylase, D.U. 94.7 69.4 68.7
Wort
Fine grind extract, % 81.6 80.9 80.7
Coarse grind extract, % 81.2 80.6 80.3
F/C difference, % 0.4 0.4 0.5
ß-Glucan, ppm 39 24 39
Viscosity, cP 1.40 1.43 1.41
Soluble protein, % 5.83 5.58 5.28
Ratio S/T, % 49.6 46.2 44.7
FAN, mg/L 285 269 230
Colour, ASBC units 2.80 2.81 2.45

Percentage of the total malting barley area in Western Canada seeded with CDC Kindersley in 2016 compared to 2015

Chart:% total acres seeded with CDC Kindersley in 2016 and 2015.Details below

  • Details
    Percentage of the total malting barley area in Western Canada seeded with CDC Kindersley in 2016 compared to 2015
    Crop years 2016 2015
    % total area 0.9 1.7

Average protein content in CDC Kindersley selected for malting from 2012 to 2016

Chart:Average protein content in CDC Kindersley,2012-2016.Details below

  • Details
    Average protein content in CDC Kindersley selected for malting from 2012 to 2016
    Crop years 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Protein, %     12.3 11.3 11.6 11.9 11.7

Average 1000 kernel weight of CDC Kindersley selected for malting from 2012 to 2016

Chart:Average 1000 kernel weight of CDC Kindersley,2012-2016.Details below

  • Details
    Average 1000 kernel weight of CDC Kindersley selected for malting from 2012 to 2016
    Crop years 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    1000 kernel weight, g     42.7 46.3 45.5 47.2 45.4

Comparison of average levels of extract by variety in 2016

Chart:Average levels of extract by variety in 2016.Details below

  • Details
    Comparison of average levels of extract by variety in 2016
    Variety 2016
    CDC Kindersley 81.6
    AC Metcalfe 81.3
    CDC Copeland 81.2

Comparison of average levels of diastatic power by variety in 2016

Chart:Average levels of diastatic power by variety in 2016.Details below

  • Details
    Comparison of average levels of diastatic power by variety in 2016
    Variety 2016
    CDC Kindersley 220
    AC Metcalfe 200
    CDC Copeland 164

While acreage seeded with six-row malting barley is in decline, small amounts of Legacy barley continue to be grown and selected. Legacy’s high enzyme package makes it ideal for high gravity or adjunct brewing.

Quality data for 2016 harvest survey composite samples of Legacy malting barley Footnote1
Origin of selected samples Prairie Provinces
Crop year 2016 2015 2011-2015 Average
Tonnage, Thousands of tonnesFootnote2 43 45 43
Barley
Test Weight, kg/hL 64.1 63.9 64.7
1000 kernel weight,g 39.2 38.7 38.4
Plump, over 6/64" sieve, % 94.3 94.1 92.9
Intermediate grade, over 5/64"sieve, % 3.7 4.6 5.0
Moisture, %Footnote3 15.0 11.4 11.0
Protein, % 11.7 12.6 12.2
Germination, 4 ml (3 day), % 98 100 96
Germination, 8 ml (3 day), % 81 79 78
Malt
Yield, % 92.0 91.1 92.2
Steep-out moisture, % 43.9 44.8 44.3
Friability, % 65.8 72.1 71.8
Moisture, % 5.9 5.8 5.2
Diastatic power, ° 224 232 188
α-amylase, D.U. 94.0 90.4 67.5
Wort
Fine grind extract, % 80.1 79.3 79.5
Coarse grind extract, % 79.3 78.2 78.3
F/C difference, % 0.8 1.1 1.0
ß-Glucan, ppm 269 173 199
Viscosity, cP 1.42 1.43 1.45
Soluble protein, % 5.11 5.28 5.36
Ratio S/T, % 44.6 43.7 44.5
FAN, mg/L 259 250 234
Colour, ASBC units 2.21 1.99 2.33

Percentage of the total malting barley area in Western Canada seeded with Legacy in 2016 compared to 2015

Chart:% total acres seeded with Legacy in 2016 and 2015.Details below

  • Details
    Percentage of the total malting barley area in Western Canada seeded with Legacy in 2016 compared to 2015
    Crop years 2016 2015
    % total area 3.2 3.3

Average protein content in Legacy selected for malting from 2010 to 2016

Chart:Average protein content in Legacy,2010-2016.Details below

  • Details
    Average protein content in Legacy selected for malting from 2010 to 2016
    Crop years 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Protein, % 12.3 11.8 12.7 11.8 12.0 12.6 11.7

Average 1000 kernel weight of Legacy selected for malting from 2010 to 2016

Chart:Average 1000 kernel weight of Legacy,2010-2016.Details below

  • Details
    Average 1000 kernel weight of Legacy selected for malting from 2010 to 2016
    Crop years 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    1000 kernel weight, g 37.5 38.2 35.0 42.0 37.8 38.7 39.2

Comparison of average levels of extract by variety in 2016

Chart:Average levels of extract by variety in 2016.Details below

  • Details
    Comparison of average levels of extract by variety in 2016
    Variety 2016
    Legacy 80.1
    AC Metcalfe 81.3
    CDC Copeland 81.2

Comparison of average levels of diastatic power by variety in 2016

Chart:Average levels of diastatic power by variety in 2016.Details below

  • Details
    Comparison of average levels of diastatic power by variety in 2016
    Variety 2016
    Legacy 224
    AC Metcalfe 200
    CDC Copeland 164
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